incident 与 incidence

尽管名词 incidentincidence 的拼法与发音非常类似,但两者的意思却大为不同。[1] 以下,我将说明两个单词各自的正确用法。

incident(令人不快的)事件。

  1. In that incident, the level of contamination was between 6 and 16 ppm.
  2. Most such incidents result in miscarriage.

incidence(例如疾病的)发生或爆发;事件发生率。

  1. The incidence of both of these diseases increased in the U.S. between 1994 and 2007.
  2. The city has implemented measures to reduce the incidence of accidents at this intersection.

[1] 必须注意的是,除了此处讨论的意思之外,这两个单词都具有其他含义。

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