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example 与 sample

在日文作者的著作中,常常发现因为名词 example 与 sample 混淆所造成的错误。下面,我将分别解释这两个单词的意思,并举例说明其用法。

example:从一群组相同的事物中挑选出其中之一,作为这组事物的代表。

  1. Japan is an example of a country whose population is presently shrinking.
  2. This system of equations is an example of a model that exhibits chaotic behavior.

sample:从整体中取出的其中一部分。

  1. The Mars Rover tested many soil and rock samples.
  2. We inferred our conclusions from three samples each consisting of 100 people chosen at random from the population of 23,241.

以下例句说明如何将这些单词自然地搭配使用。

  1. The sample we tested provides a good example of the effect of contamination on these specialized materials.